A migraine is a severe headache in which the pain develops slowly into a throbbing ache. It can last from four hours to three days and affects about one in four women and one in 12 men in the UK. Migraines usually start at puberty and become less frequent with age, although they can develop around the time of the menopause.

There are two main types of migraine

  • Migraine without aura - sometimes called common migraine.
  • Migraine with aura - sometimes called classic migraine, during which headaches are usually preceded by an ‘aura’ such as flashing lights or zigzag visual symptoms.

Migraines are a result of changes in neurotransmitters and blood vessels in the brain although what causes these changes is unknown. Possible triggers include stress, lack of sleep and delayed or missed meals. Certain foods for example chocolate, cheese and citrus fruits as well as red wine are also thought to be common culprits.


  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Visual disturbances such as flashes of zigzag light just before an attack
  • Sharp debilitating headache
  • Aversion to bright lights or noise

Herbal Helpers

To treat and help protect against migraines try Feverfew
To soothe and comfort try a cup of Peppermint tea
For menstrual migraines try Agnus Castus

Agnus castus can be found in PremHerb - A traditional herbal medicinal product used to help relieve symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome based on traditional use only.

Feverfew can be found in MigraHerb - A traditional herbal medicinal product used for the prevention of migraine headaches based on traditional use only.

Herbal Helpers

Feeling Blue? Useful advice for coping with depression and low mood. Click hereWhat's in your medicine cabinet? Take our survey to find out how much you know about what you are taking